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Table 3 ANOVA results: model type by dependent variables, all subjects

From: Effectiveness of communication of spatial engineering information through 3D CAD and 3D printed models

Dependent variables Mean Overall mean N df F p η2
Time to completion (secs) 2D 10.02 10.70 77 74 1.73 0.19 0.045
3D 11.75
Physical 10.33
NASA composite workload (1-100 scale) 2D 33.72 34.26 77 74 0.47 0.63 0.012
3D 36.63
Physical 32.34
Direct work rate (%) 2D 75.55 76.53 77 74 16.77* <0.00 0.312
3D 66.69
Physical 87.78
Rework rate (%) 2D 3.41 4.38 77 74 0.68 0.51 0.018
3D 5.82
Physical 3.90
  1. *Significant above 95%.