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Table 1 BIM-application areas in design and construction stages (see Cao et al. 2014)

From: Barriers and facilitators for BIM use among Swedish medium-sized contractors - “We wait until someone tells us to use it”

Stage Application
Design stage Site analysis
Analysing design options
Three-dimensional presentation
Design coordination
Cost estimating
Energy simulation
Other performance simulations
Construction stage Clash detection
Construction system design
Schedule simulation
Quantity take off
Site resource management
Offsite fabrication