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Table 4 Perceived constraints for BIM-implementation

From: Barriers and facilitators for BIM use among Swedish medium-sized contractors - “We wait until someone tells us to use it”

Statement (1 totally disagree, 5 totally agree) Rank Mean Max Min SD
No demands from the clients 1 3.71 5 1 1.22
Our partners do not use BIM 2 3.61 5 1 1.10
High investments in hard- and software 3 3.50 5 1 1.09
No internal demand in the company 4 3.48 5 1 1.34
Problem with the user-friendliness 5 3.08 5 1 1.03
High demands for technical competence 6 3.07 5 1 1.00
Partners do not always give access to the 3-D model 7 3.00 5 1 1.24
Does not give any clear competitive advantages 8 3.00 5 1 1.37
Difficult to integrate with other systems 9 2.91 5 1 1.06
Takes a long time to learn 10 2.83 5 1 1.00
Expensive operating and maintenance costs 11 2.67 5 1 1.31
BIM-models are too complex 12 2.63 5 1 1.22
The information in the model is often wrong 13 2.38 5 1 0.79
Major internal resistance in the company 14 2.32 5 1 1.15
Difficult to know if BIM will persist in the future (a fashion) 15 1.90 5 1 1.03